How To Align Local Coordinate Systems in SOFiPLUS

Structural elements with correctly aligned coordinate systems are essential for post-processing but also for loading. It ensures to not misinterpreting forces and design results and applying loads properly. The “Align Elements” Command in SOFiPLUS allows orientating the local directions of structural elements in various ways. Structural line elements can be rotated along their longitudinal axis, structural areas within their plane and structural points along all three axes.

Before jumping into the workflow and available alignment options – a quick tip.
The default settings of SOFiPLUS don’t include the visualisation of the local coordinate systems of all structural elements. It is very convenient having them turned on to check changes immediately. You can activate the coordinate systems in the Tab “Tools” in the SOFiPLUS sidebar – section “Options” – “Visualization”

Activate the tickboxes “Coordinate System” for “Structural Area”, “Structural Line” and “Structural Point”.

Where can You find the command “Align Elements”

The “Align Elements” command can be found in the “Structural Elements” tab of the SOFiPLUS Sidebar. The section “Find and Align” includes also the command with “Find Elements” – which is a very useful tool to locate elements by its number.

The main steps using the command “Align Elements”

  • Click on “Align Elements” in the SOFiPLUS sidebar.
  • Select elements you want to align.
    I recommend selecting one structural element type only as different ones. You won’t get specific alignment options for certain element types. E.g. if an area is included in the selection with lines, you don’t get the “DI invert direction” option for lines.
  • Confirm the selection with ”Enter”.
  • Chose one of the alignment options available in the “context menu” or in the “command line”.
    All alignment options are for different structural element types are listed below.
  • Close and apply all changes by using the “END” option in the “Context Menu” or the “Command Line”

Available alignment options for Structural Points:

Available alignment options for Structural Lines:

Available alignment options for Structural Areas:

Note, when changing the local directions of structural elements, it might effect loads applied to the structural elements, local support conditions and the cross-section too. Don’t forget double checking the results.

Alignment Options

Let’s have a look into the different options.

1 GR Orient towards gravity direction

This command is applicable to different structural elements types. It aligns the local z-direction of all selected structural elements to the global direction set in the System Information Dialog Box. It’ll consider the local z-direction of a structural area must be perpendicular to the plane, the local x-direction of the structural line must point along the line and the right-hand-rule must be kept in any case.

2 DI Invert Direction

Inverts the direction of the local x-direction of structural lines only.

3 RX Rotate around x-axis, RY rotate around y-axis and RZ rotate around z-axis

Rotates the element about its selected local axes. Optional an angle can be entered. Depending on the structural element the following options are available.

Rotation about x-direction: Structural Points, Structural Lines
Rotation about y-direction: Structural Points
Rotation about z-direction: Structural Points, Structural Areas

+ Structural Points

+ Structural Lines

+ Structural Areas

4 XZ set x-direction, ZZ set z-direction and YZ set y-direction

The option allows you to define a rotation along a direction by selecting two points by clicking on the canvas. The angle will be calculated and applied to the rotation.

+ Structural Point

For structural points rotations about all three axes are allowed.

+ Structural Lines

As the local x-direction for structural lines must point in the same direction as the structural line, the “XZ set x-direction” can be used to invert the x-direction of the structural line element only.

The “ZZ set z-direction” and “YZ set y-direction” options allowing you to rotate structural line elements about their local x-axis. The difference to “RX rotate around x-axis” – the option defines the rotational angle by defining two points.

+ Structural Areas

As the local z-direction of structural areas must remain perpendicular to the area, only the z-axis can be inverted by using “ZZ set z-direction”.

Due to this fact, the options “XZ set x-direction and “YZ set y-direction” allow you to align either the Y or X axis in the XY plane (around the z-axis).

5 XP x-direction towards point, YP y-direction towards point and ZP z-direction towards point

The allowed rotations are similar to “XZ set x-direction, ZZ set z-direction and YZ set y-direction”. The only difference – the direction will be defined by pointing one single point instead of selecting two points to calculate the rotational angle.

+ Structural Points

For structural points, you’ll get the possibility to rotate along all three local axes.

+ Structural Lines

Structural lines must keep the local x-direction along the line direction. So rotating along the x-direction and y-direction is possible.

+ Structural Areas

Rotation along the x-direction and y-direction is possible but is more or less an inversion of the z-direction only. The local z-direction must remain perpendicular to the plane.

Rotation along the Z-direction is allowed. So aligning the x-direction or y-direction is possible (rotation around the z-axis).

6 XWP x-direction away from point, YWP y-direction away from point and ZWP z-direction away from point

This option is similar to “XP x-direction towards point, YP y-direction towards point and ZP z-direction towards point”. But aligns the axis in the opposite direction of the selected point.

+ Structural Lines

+ Structural Areas

7 XI invert x-direction, YI Invert y-direction and ZI invert z-direction

This option reverses the direction of the selected direction by considering the right-hand-rule to keep a proper local coordinate system.

8 XAL align x-direction to point, line or area and YAL align y-direction to point, line or area (with rotation about z)

This option applies to structural area elements only. The local x-axis or y-axis can be re-aligned by a selection of another existing structural element. An angle for additional rotation of the local z-axis can be assigned also.

9 XAI align x-direction to isolines of referenced surface

Only structural areas are affected by this option. The local x-axis of structural areas – which was extracted from AutoCAD surfaces – can be re-directed to the original direction.

Watch the Video

Wrap-Up

Aligning the local coordinate systems is a very important aspect and should be paid attention before investigating analysis and design results.  The approach of the “Align Element” command to allow modification at any stage of the project allows you to avoid any remodelling work.

Software version: SOFiSTiK FEA v2018-09.